The Iranian Revolution (Islamic Revolution) consisted of events that involved the overthrowing of the Pahlavi dynasty which was being supported by the United States and its replacement by the United States. The dynasty was being led by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The dynasty was eventually replaced with a National Republic that was headed by the leader of this revolution, Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was supported by Islamists and also Leftist organizations. Besides, the Iranian students’ movements supported this revolution. October 1977, marked the commencing or start of the demonstrations with the aim of overthrowing the Shah. The demonstrations later turned and developed to be civil resistance. The resistance included both religious as well as secular groups and elements. Towards the end of the year 1978, demonstrations and also strikes had paralyzed the nation. On January 19, the following year, the Shah fled to exile. The duties of the Shah were taken over by the council and an opposition-based prime minister. Later in April 1979, a national referendum was help in Iran and the country and became an Islamic Republic. A new constitution was also approved. In December 1979, Khomeini became the Supreme Leader of the nation. This was a critical and vital change in the nation.
How was the Iranian Revolution?
This revolution was unlike several other revolutions that had taken place in other regions in the world. To start with, it did not have customary causes. The war occurred in this nation while it was enjoying peace and prosperity as well as producing positive changes rapidly. This nation had been massively popular but resulted in the exile of several Iranians. This revolution was relatively non-violent in nature and thus acted and helped in the redefining the implications and meaning of modern nature. However, there was reported violence after the revolution. The war was a success as the nation became an Islamic Republic.
The Achievements of the Revolution
To start with, the Shah regime had become increasingly brutal and corrupt. Therefore, the people were feeling oppressed. The revolution thus brought an end to the oppression and brutality. At the same time, Iran had a new constitution which was approved after a successful referendum. This means that in a way, the people had an opinion in the governance of their country. For these reasons, the revolution is considered to have led to several successful changes in Iran.